Queensland Family Law Practice

FIFO Divorce Lawyers

Find Support, Guidance, and Expertise with Our Professional FIFO Divorce Assistance

FIFO Workers and Divorce in Australia

Make sure you get the best outcome possible, for you and your families’ future.  We will:

  • Guide you through the entire Family Law process

  • Help you navigate through this difficult time

  • Get the outcome you need to move on with your life

More than 100+ years of combined lawyer experience.

Free Chat with a Family Lawyer

For a limited time, we are offering you a 10 min free chat with a family lawyer so you can get answers and direction to move forward.

As a FIFO worker and divorce expert, I understand the unique challenges associated with balancing family life alongside fly-in/fly-out “FIFO” work. In Australia today, this lifestyle has become increasingly popular as employers recognise the benefits for both staff and businesses alike. However, it’s important to note that there are several factors which may contribute to an increased rate of divorce amongst FIFO workers in comparison to non-FIFO couples. This article will discuss these issues in greater detail while offering practical advice on how to navigate the difficulties of marriages in these circumstances.

In recent years, research studies have shown that marriage breakdown within families of FIFO workers is significantly higher than average. One such study conducted by Murdoch University revealed that 70% of male FIFO employees had experienced at least one divorce or separation during their working career – almost double the national average. Clearly, something about the demands of this type of work can be hard on relationships between spouses and partners.

It’s easy to see why long absences from home would put pressure on any relationship, but there are other potential contributors too – including financial stress, fatigue and communication problems which can arise when living apart for extended periods of time. As someone who works closely with individuals affected by this work lifestyle every day, our aim is to highlight some key topics around FIFO workers and divorce in Australia so we can better support those facing similar struggles.

FIFO Workers And Divorce/Separation: Overview

FIFO workers face unique challenges when it comes to divorce or separation in Australia. In addition to the emotional toll of a broken marriage, FIFO workers must also consider the legal implications of separation and determine how their work will factor into any potential property agreement and parenting arrangements. It is therefore important for FIFO workers facing divorce to seek advice from an experienced family lawyer who understands the complexities of this type of case.

A family lawyer can provide invaluable insight into the laws governing marital dissolution and de facto separation and help guide both parties through negotiations. They can assist with the preparation of property settlement documents, advise on parenting arrangements and review spousal maintenance and child support agreements. They can review proposed settlements before signing off on them, so that your rights are protected to prevent future disputes from arising. Ultimately, by working closely with a knowledgeable family lawyer, FIFO workers can navigate their separation with confidence knowing that their best interests have been properly considered.

Financial Implications of Divorce/Separation For FIFO Employees

Divorce is a difficult and often financially draining experience, especially for FIFO workers. It’s important to understand the financial implications of separating when considering this major life decision. The costs associated with going through a divorce or de facto separation can be considerable, including court fees and legal costs. In addition, there are potential long-term financial impacts such as changes in taxation or child support payments that may occur after the settlement has been finalised. There is also the emotional toll it can take on your family and delays when there is a dispute.

FIFO employees should also consider other financial aspects that could arise during and even after the separation process. For example, if one spouse earns significantly more than the other, they may have to pay spousal maintenance to their spouse if their income is not enough to meet their day-to-day living expenses.

FIFO Employees

It’s essential for FIFO workers going through a separation to seek expert advice from a qualified lawyer, accountant and financial planner so they can understand how it might impact them financially before making any decisions about what steps to take next. A professional assessment of individual finances, assets and debts will help ensure that all parties involved receive just and equitable outcomes while minimising financial losses caused by separation proceedings.

Clients’ Reviews
Lee-Anne Pringle
Lee-Anne Pringle
Amazing Service & Information - I am a Disability Advocate and I was ringing for a distressed client who had had a family member pass away. The lady on the phone was pleasant, professional and tended to my inquiry straight away. Would not hesitate to use this service again.
richard hocking
richard hocking
Understanding and supportive.
Matt Hutton
Matt Hutton
Thanks to Tracy, Rachael and the team for working with me to give me a better than expected outcome financially and essentially Tracy for keeping me on track during a tough mediation. Still some work to do but you guys have been so professional and helpful throughout this messy process.
Michelle Steer
Michelle Steer
The half hour webinar was extremely useful and easy to understand. In a difficult time, you don't want "legal speak" and this was definitely not that, highly recommend for anybody who has just seperated
Nahid Tonmoy
Nahid Tonmoy
The customer service to legal advice, everything was fantastic. The whole team really looks after their clients.
Anthony Macdonnell
Anthony Macdonnell
The wills of my wife and I were updated earlier this year and the team at Forge Legal handled this in a very professional and efficient way. We would have no hesitation in recommending them
Very happy with the service received recently when purchasing our new home,everything went very smoothly and we were kept up to date with information, highly recommend .
sandra fitzgerald
sandra fitzgerald
Very happy with the service we received from Queensland Family Law Practice, when we recently purchased our new home, they kept us informed and kept everything running smoothly, highly recommend.

Property Settlements For FIFO Workers

Divorce can be an emotionally and financially challenging experience for FIFO workers. As part of the divorce process in Australia, a property settlement must occur to ensure both parties are treated fairly with regards to any assets or debt acquired during their relationship. This is especially important for FIFO workers as they may not have been able to take part in certain financial decisions due to their time away from home.

To make sure that you receive what is rightfully yours through your property settlement, it’s best to seek advice from a family lawyer who understands the unique implications of divorces and separations involving FIFO workers. A family lawyer will look at all aspects of your case such as income, expenses, superannuation payments and other financial factors related to your work schedule. They’ll also consider factors specific to your situation such as whether one partner has primary care over children or if there are particular tax deductions available because of the nature of your work.

By consulting a qualified expert family lawyer early on, you can get professional advice tailored to your individual needs so you feel secure about how the money, assets and debts you acquire during this difficult time will be divided equitably between both parties involved in the divorce proceedings.

Property Settlements For FIFO Workers

Parenting Arrangements For FIFO Parents

For FIFO parents, parenting arrangements can be complicated – especially when they have an unpredictable work schedule. The most important factor to consider is that both parents need to reach a consensus on the custody and visitation arrangement. This should include a shared parenting plan with well-defined responsibilities for each parent and how those responsibilities will be executed in the event of absences due to work commitments. As co-parenting strategies are developed, it’s essential to ensure there is ongoing communication between the two parties involved.

When living apart, long distance parenting arrangements must also be considered – such as technology or video conferencing so children still feel connected even when their parent isn’t physically present. Additionally, regular physical time with your children needs to be scheduled throughout the year including opportunities for holidays, birthdays and special occasions like Christmas or Easter. It’s also vital to develop practical solutions that take into account career obligations while maintaining consistency with parenting agreements. With proper planning and dedication from both parties, FIFO parents can effectively carry out successful parenting arrangements regardless of their long distance co-parenting relationship post separation.

Wills, Enduring Powers Of Attorney And Other Legal Documents

For FIFO workers, estate planning is an important consideration when it comes to divorce or separation. Wills, powers of attorney and other legal documents are essential tools in protecting a person’s rights during a separation or divorce. They also help protect assets and provide security for the future of both spouses and their children. An enduring power of attorney is particularly important as it enables someone you trust and knows you to make decisions on your behalf if you become incapacitated.

It is important for FIFO workers to consider these legal documents before entering into a marriage or after separating from their partner. Estate planning at the outset when you separate can ensure that all assets are properly protected should there be any unexpected circumstances that arise during the process. A lawyer who is an expert in family law can provide advice regarding wills, enduring powers of attorney and other legal documents related to estate planning so couples can best secure their assets following separation.

FIFO workers need to understand the importance of having these legal documents in place prior to getting divorced so they can maintain control over their assets and financial matters throughout the process. This will enable them to have peace of mind knowing their best interests are being taken care of no matter what happens with regards to their marital relationship.

Easy online forms.

Complete the EPOA online forms prior to meeting our lawyers to cut your time.

Income From Overseas Sources And Taxation Considerations

With the potential of earning overseas income, it is important to consider taxation implications when dealing with divorce proceedings. As a FIFO, you may be unsure about how foreign earnings are taxed and what your obligations are in terms of maintaining records of all income sources. It is essential to understand the tax implications associated with both Australian and overseas income in order to avoid any negative impacts on your financial situation during this difficult time.

When it comes to filing taxes after a separation, there are several key points to keep in mind. Firstly, if you receive foreign earnings from outside Australia, you should obtain advice from an accountant if these must be declared as part of your taxable income along with any other relevant documents or evidence that substantiates those earnings. Additionally, make sure you are aware of any deductions available for which you may qualify due to the circumstances surrounding your divorce or separation. Lastly, depending on where these overseas funds have been generated from, different taxation rates could apply so ensure you consult an expert before declaring anything for tax purposes.

Ultimately, being informed and understanding the relevant tax laws can help minimise any additional stress or complications that arise from receiving overseas income during a family law settlement. Familiarising yourself with the various regulations will enable you to make decisions confidently and take control of your financial future.

Income From Overseas Sources And Taxation Considerations

Holidays, Leave Arrangements And Other Workplace Issues

Working as a FIFO worker can often be difficult for those going through a separation, so it’s important to make sure you have the right arrangements in place. Holidays are an integral part of any job and many times families will plan their holidays around them. Having the flexibility to take extended leave or time off is also beneficial during this time period. It is worth discussing with your employer what types of leave arrangements they offer; some may provide more generous than others, and more than you expect.

When dealing with workplace issues related to your separation, it is important to remember that there may be policies in place which could impact how you manage these matters. Be sure to speak to Human Resources or whoever oversees such policies to ensure all procedures are followed correctly. This will help save you potential headaches down the line when trying to deal with any difficulties stemming from these types of situations. By taking the necessary steps early on, one can safeguard themselves against any future complications arising out of their employment status while going through a separation.

Pre-Nuptial Agreements And Divorce/Separation In Australia

Pre-nuptial agreements are an important legal document to consider when entering a marriage or de facto relationship. For FIFO in Australia, they can be especially beneficial due to the amount of time spent away from home and abroad. These documents ensure that both parties understand their individual rights throughout the course of their relationship. Generally, pre-nups will outline what assets and debts each person has prior to the start of their relationship as well as any future financial obligations for either party.

When considering filing for separation in Australia, couples have several options available such as negotiations, mediation or family court proceedings. A family lawyer can help provide guidance on choosing amongst these paths and explain how a pre-nuptial agreement may impact the outcome. Mediation is often encouraged between spouses as it allows them to work together towards an amicable resolution without involving third parties like judges or arbitrators. This process also helps save money by avoiding costly court fees while still providing legally binding results. Ultimately, having a pre-nuptial agreement in place before getting married or entering into a de facto relationship can make navigating through a potential separation much easier as the division of assets and debts has already been established beforehand.

Managing Stress During Divorce For FIFO Couples

Dealing with the stressors of divorce is a challenge for everyone, but especially so for FIFO couples. With the constant shift between being away and then returning home to their family, often with little notice or time to adjust, managing stress during this process can be difficult. Separation anxiety in particular can take its toll on both parties’ mental wellbeing as well as the children.

It’s important that both individuals make an effort to manage the emotional roller coaster associated with divorce or separation. This includes taking extra care of yourself – eating well-balanced meals, exercising regularly and getting enough sleep are all key elements to maintaining your physical and mental health throughout the process. Additionally, it helps to find support from friends and family during this uncertain period – even though you may be geographically apart from them at times due to your work commitments, having someone who will listen without judgement can be invaluable. Talking about how you feel openly and honestly is also essential as part of self-care when dealing with such a significant life change.

Ultimately, it’s okay not to have everything figured out right away – there’s no single answer that works best for all separations and divorces. However, by focusing on understanding your own needs and emotions while also reaching out for help if needed, FIFO couples can navigate through this trying time more successfully together.

Managing Stress During Divorce For FIFO Couples

Financial Planning Post-Divorce For FIFO Employees

Financial planning post-divorce for FIFO employees can seem daunting, but with the right advice and guidance it can be navigated successfully. For those who are going through a separation or divorce while employed in a FIFO role, here is what you need to know:

  • Understand your rights– A family lawyer will help you understand how the law applies to your situation and what financial entitlements you may receive from your partner/spouse.
  • Know where your money goes – Take time to review all of your expenses prior to making any decisions about finances after a divorce or separation. This includes looking at bank statements and credit cards bills as well as any other debts that have been accrued during the relationship.

  • Set up an emergency fund – After a divorce, there may be times when unexpected costs arise (e.g., medical bills). It’s important to have some cash saved up so that these types of emergencies won’t derail your financial recovery plan.

  • Create a budget – Once all assets have been divided between both parties, set yourself up with a realistic budget based on income, living expenses and debt repayments such as mortgage payments, credit cards or personal loans. This will ensure that you remain financially secure throughout this process.

In order for FIFO workers going through a separation to get back on their feet financially, its essential they seek professional advice from relevant experts such as lawyers, accountants and financial advisors before taking any action with regard to their finances post-separation. With the correct knowledge and understanding of their individual circumstances, FIFO workers can confidently move forward into their new life without compromising their future financial security.

Collaborative Law Solutions For Divorcing FIFO Families

FIFO families who are separating have unique challenges that require special attention. The legal solutions available to them can be daunting. Collaborative law is an excellent way for FIFO couples to come together and make decisions without going through a drawn-out court battle. It allows both parties to reach agreement on all matters related to their children, property, finances and other issues in dispute while protecting each person’s rights under the law.

In collaborative law proceedings, spouses work with a mediator or lawyer who helps guide them throughout the process of coming to an amicable resolution. Each spouse has access to experienced legal representation as well as independent advisors such as financial planners, real estate agents and mental health professionals if needed. This approach encourages open communication between spouses by allowing honest conversations about what they want out of the settlement. This can ultimately lead to better outcomes for everyone involved – including any children affected by the situation – since it takes away some of the acrimony associated with traditional methods of dispute resolution.

Divorcing FIFO families need not feel overwhelmed at this difficult time; instead, they should look into collaborative law as a means of finding suitable solutions for resolving their disputes quickly and fairly. With expert guidance from trained professionals coupled with sincere efforts from both sides, these couples can successfully navigate the process and find closure sooner rather than later.

Mediation As An Option In FIFO Divorce Cases

Mediation is a popular option for divorcing FIFO families in Australia. It can provide an opportunity to discuss the issues between two people who are not able to reach agreement on their own and, if successful, save both parties time and money. A mediator provides impartial advice that takes into account the interests of all involved parties. The mediator works with each party individually to negotiate a mutually agreeable solution and then facilitates discussions so that both sides come away feeling heard and have the best chance of reaching an outcome.

FIFO workers should consider seeking out experienced family mediators in Australia when considering separating. Mediators can help identify areas of concern and assist couples in finding common ground by providing unbiased guidance and assist om seeing each other’s point of view. In addition, they can offer valuable insight into how best to manage complex financial arrangements or legal proceedings associated with separation agreements. Most importantly, mediation allows individuals to remain in control of their destiny, instead of leaving it up to lawyers or judges. With the right support from an expert FIFO family law advisor and access to appropriate resources such as family mediators in Australia, separating FIFO couples can move forward confidently towards resolution of their conflicts without unnecessary delay or expense.


How To Find The Right Family Lawyer Or Mediator For Your Circumstances

When it comes to getting a divorce in Australia, you’ll need the help of a professional. It’s important to find someone who is experienced and qualified when it comes to your specific family law needs. You may need both a family lawyer and a mediator, depending on your individual circumstances.

If you’re looking for legal advice and representation, then a family lawyer may be the right option for you. They will have experience in all areas of family law and are able to provide expert guidance throughout the process. When selecting a family lawyer, make sure they are an expert in family law, dealing with de fact couple’s separations and marriage breakdowns and ask them about their experience with similar cases. This ensures that they are familiar with relevant family laws and regulations pertaining to FIFO workers in Australia.

If you wish to resolve matters without going through court proceedings, you may also need to engage an experienced mediator. A mediator helps couples reach agreements outside of court by offering impartial guidance and facilitating communication between both parties. Make sure that any potential mediator has extensive knowledge of Australian family law legislation as this is essential for successful mediation outcomes. Additionally, check if they offer an initial intake session beforehand so that you can get an understanding of how well you’d work together during the process.

Finding the best fit for your situation is paramount – whether that’s a family lawyer and/or a mediator – as it can ensure smoother proceedings and better outcomes down the line. Do some research into different professionals available before making your decision; look at reviews online as well as recommendations from friends or colleagues who have used these services previously and be guided by the recommendations of your family lawyer. With careful consideration, you should be able to find someone who meets both yours and your ex-partner’s requirements perfectly!

Supporting Children Through A Difficult Time: Tips For Parents Going Through Divorce/Separation While Working Away From Home

Divorce is never easy, especially when one parent works away from home in a fly-in/fly-out role. Parents who are going through a separation while working away may feel overwhelmed and unsure how to support their children during this difficult time. Being separated can add extra stress on both parents and kids alike, but the tips below can help make the process less stressful for all involved.

The most important thing you can do as a FIFO worker and divorcing/separating parent is stay connected with your children. Although it’s not always possible to be physically present for every milestone or event, there are plenty of ways to remain emotionally close despite being apart such as video calls or sending letters and text messages. Additionally, try to make sure that any communication between you and your ex-partner remains civil so as not to put your children in the middle of arguments. Don’t involve your children in adult conflict as it can have a profound impact on the emotional and psychological well-being, both in the short term and the long term.

It’s also important to remember that even though you’re often away from home due to work commitments, your presence still matters greatly to your family – particularly if you have young children at home. Make an effort whenever possible to come back before holidays or special events like birthdays; these moments will create lasting memories for them throughout life’s toughest times. Taking breaks from work when needed is key too – no job should take precedence over spending quality time with loved ones when they need it most.

If parenting duties become too overwhelming while trying to manage everything else, then don’t hesitate to seek professional assistance either through therapy sessions or enlisting the help of other trusted family members who could provide emotional support during this transitional period. Doing what’s best for yourself and your family during this challenging journey will ultimately lead towards a positive outcome down the line.

Supporting Children Through A Difficult Time

Life After Separation: Strategies For Rebuilding Your Life After A Difficult Break Up

The difficult process of divorce and separation can leave FIFO workers feeling overwhelmed, anxious and unsure how to move forward in life. It’s important for those going through a break up to remember that the pain won’t last forever. Learning strategies for rebuilding your life after such an emotional event is essential.

Firstly, it’s important to focus on self-care post-separation. This includes developing healthy coping mechanisms like physical activity or mindfulness practices which will help reduce stress levels and make you feel more centred and relaxed. Secondly, creating short term goals with achievable objectives are a great way to keep yourself motivated during this challenging period of transition. These could include things like ‘attend counselling sessions once a week’, ‘spend time outdoors each day’, find a hooby or simply ‘take care of myself’. Lastly, planning for the future is key. Think about what changes need to be made in order to have a successful life after separtion; create actionable steps towards achieving these aims – whether they’re financial, career or relationship related – so that progress can be monitored over time and success celebrated when milestones are reached.

It’s normal to feel disheartened after experiencing a painful break up but by using helpful separation strategies one can start to look ahead with optimism rather than dwelling on the past. With adequate support from family, friends and professionals along with proactive post-separation planning we can begin taking advantage of all the opportunities available once again and enjoy our lives as much as ever before!


Separation and divorce is a difficult process for anyone, but it can be especially complicated for FIFO workers. It’s important to get the right advice and select someone who is an expert in family law and is ‘the right fit’ for you so you can protect your rights during this emotionally challenging time.

It’s also wise to consider establishing a BFA prior to or during your marriage or de facto relationship if you are a FIFO worker. This will help ensure that both parties know their financial responsibilities should they ever need to go through a separation.

Finally, remember that there may be additional considerations when children are involved in a FIFO worker case. Seek out professional guidance so you can make sure your kids have the best outcome possible from this situation. By taking these steps now, you’ll be more prepared to handle any future legal issues related to separation or divorce as a FIFO worker.

Frequently Asked Questions

When it comes to selecting a family lawyer or mediator for your proceedings, there are some important factors to consider. When making such an important decision, you want to make sure that you’re getting the best legal advice and asset protection possible. Here is a list of four things to look out for when choosing a family lawyer or mediator:

  1. Experience: Look for experience in dealing with family law cases specifically rather than general practice lawyers who may not have as much knowledge in this area.
  2. Expert advice: Consider whether the lawyer has the level of qualifications ad expertise relevant to your particular case.
  3. BFA: If you do not already have a BFA in place, ask if this would assist in providing certainty in your situation and if they offer assistance with creating one so that you can be better protected going forward.
  4. Fees & Payment Plans: Understand the fees associated with their services and if payment plans are available should finances become an issue during proceedings.

As a FIFO worker and experienced family law expert, take the time to research potential family lawyers and/or mediators thoroughly before committing to one person or firm over another – take into account all the information above plus any additional reviews from past clients – so that you can be confident about the service provided along with having peace of mind knowing your assets will be adequately protected throughout the process.

When considering a BFA, it is important to understand the scope of protection that such an agreement can provide. BFAs are legally binding agreements that help to protect each spouse’s assets in the event of a divorce or separation. For those who work in FIFO positions, it is especially important to consider whether they need a BFA before entering into marriage or a de facto relationship.

In Australia, there are three scenarios where a FIFO worker should seriously consider getting a pre-nuptial agreement:

  1. If either party already has significant assets or debts;
  2. If one partner will be significantly better off financially than the other; and
  3. If one partner already owns their own business or investments.

A FIFO worker needs to make sure that any BFA is tailored to their specific situation and covers all relevant issues regarding asset and debt division and spousal support in the future. As well as protecting assets, pre-nuptial agreements may also contain provisions on how income earned during the course of a BFA relationship should be divided between both parties upon dissolution of the marriage – something which could have huge implications for FIFO workers with high salaries due to overtime pay or bonuses from working away from home on long assignments. It is highly recommended that couples consult legal professionals experienced in family law when drafting these documents so that their rights are fully protected if anything goes wrong down the track. A BFA requires both parties to have independent legal representation and specific legal advice must be given for the agreement to be binding.

Therefore, anyone contemplating marriage or entering into a de facto relationship while working in a FIFO role should carefully assess whether they require a BFA to ensure they remain secure financially if things don’t go according to plan in their relationship. In addition to seeking legal advice, individuals should discuss openly within the relationship how best to protect themselves in case of future conflict over finances. Taking proactive steps early on can help prevent costly legal battles and emotional turmoil further down the line.

For FIFO workers, divorce can be a complicated and difficult process. It is especially important to protect assets during the settlement, as it will affect both parties in different ways. A family lawyer with experience in this area of law is essential for ensuring that all legal rights are respected, and that any marital or de facto property division is just and equitable.

When determining the best way to protect one’s assets in a property settlement, there are several factors to consider. One should understand the family laws regarding division of property, so research on the particular situation is key. Additionally, taking account of property, bank accounts, investments, retirement funds, superannuation and other financial resources owned by spouses will help ensure an equitable division of assets. Adding prenuptial agreements into the mix can help to further protects each spouse’s financial interests prior to entering marriage.

In cases where children are involved, special considerations must be taken into account when making decisions about finances and custody arrangements. Seeking professional advice from an experienced family lawyer or mediator helps provide guidance through what can be an intimidating process – one which requires careful consideration of everyone’s needs. With sound legal counsel at hand, FIFO workers have greater protection and assurance regarding their financial wellbeing throughout divorce proceedings and beyond.

When couples with children are FIFO workers, there are additional considerations that must be taken into account. The process for these couples is not only emotionally taxing, but it can also be financially and logistically challenging. As a FIFO worker, it can be more challenging when navigating an already complex situation where one or both parents work away from home.

It’s important to understand the legal implications when both parents are employed as FIFO workers. This includes issues like child support payments, parenting agreements and more. It’s essential for couples in this situation to consult a lawyer who is an expert in family law so they can make sure your interests and those of you children will be protected throughout the entire process. Additionally, many organisations offer personal counselling services specifically tailored towards helping couples navigate through difficult times such as this one.

It’s essential that all parties involved take time to consider each other’s perspectives during a stressful period like this. Open communication between partners is key so that everyone understands how their decisions impact each other and their families. In many cases, seeking professional help can ease some of the tension associated with these types of proceedings and ensure that everyone gets the best outcome possible moving forward.

The divorce process for FIFO workers can be complex and time consuming. It’s important to understand the timeline of a typical divorce or de facto separation in order to plan accordingly. Generally, divorces and de facto separations take anywhere from two months to one year to complete depending on several factors including the complexity of the case, if there are any disagreements between parties, or how quickly documents are filed, but can sometimes take much longer if Court proceedings have to be commenced.

Ultimately having knowledge about the average timeframe associated with such separations allows both involved parties to prepare financially and emotionally ahead of time allowing them greater peace of mind going forward.

Get a personal consultation.

Our friendly team can help you in all areas of law.


Our best awards are when our clients say they feel relief, feel at home and we have changed their life.
That is why we are award-winning lawyers.